COP25, Social Movements And Climate Justice

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Above Photo: From Theecologist.org

A declaration on climate crisis, energy transition and extractivism in Latin America.

Social movements were organising their opposition to COP25 – in which those most affected by climate violence would be sidelined – even before the popular mobilisation started in Chile and Sebastián Piñera suspended the talks.

A gathering in Chile in September brought together frontline defenders to discuss the climate crisis, a just energy transition from the mining extractivist model that is killing Chileans and people all over the global South.

Now, following the brutal repression of the uprising and Piñera’s attempts to avoid scrutiny, their analysis is more important than ever.

In the declaration that follows, Latin American climate justice movements and their allies state their opposition to the neoliberal extractivist model, and propose a justice-oriented approach to solving the climate crisis that will not sacrifice the peoples of the global South.

Declaration 

The ‘Regional Gathering: Climate crisis, energy transition and mining extractivism in Latin America’ was held from September 26 to 28 in Santiago, Chile.

Faced with the undeniable climate crisis and the false solutions proposed by multilateral spaces that have been co-opted by the transnational business sector and supported by governments, the meeting was organised by the Latin American Observatory of Environmental Conflicts (OLCA), the Observatory of Mining Conflicts of Latin America (OCMAL) together with War on Want and Mining Watch Canada.

We consider:

That national and transnational companies and governments, mainly of the industrialised North, are those truly responsible for environmental breakdown due to their extractive activities in search of capitalist accumulation and the promotion of consumerism.

That the current discourse around the climate crisis places the blame on individual responsibility, thereby distracting the attention from those most responsible.

That the peoples, communities and organisations that resist these extractive activities – in defence of life, water and territories – are stigmatised, repressed, criminalised and murdered.

That companies and extractivist governments are the ones who commit true criminal acts against all forms of life, violating Human Rights and the Rights of Nature.

That mining extractivism in all its phases causes ecocide and ethnocide in the different territories where it operates. 

That hidden behind the discourse of the ‘energy transition’ is a program of economic growth for the Global North which threatens to exponentially increase sacrifice zones under the auspices of guaranteeing the supply of minerals for so-called ‘green’ technologies. This will come at the cost of the exploitation of our territories and communities, all while intensifying the ecological crisis. 

That the recent panic surrounding the climate crisis in the Global North can only ever be understood in the context of the struggles present in our urban and rural communities of the Global South, who have been resisting the intersecting social and ecological crises since the inception of colonialism. This panic cannot impose false solutions or reproduce extractivism.

That the climate crisis, as part of an ecological crisis, is a condition of the capitalist world development model.

We denounce:

Any attempt by mining companies to benefit from the climate crisis using deceptive initiatives such as: “inclusive tailings”, and the ‘adoption’ of environmental liabilities, Responsible Mining, Green Mining, Sustainable Mining, Ecological Mining, Clean Mining, Climate Smart Mining, Future Smart Mining, offsetting mechanisms for social and environmental damages, Green Economy and any other concept that seeks to wash its image or perpetuate impunity.

The actions of governments and corporations that dismember, divide, privatise, auction-off  and commercialise nature and our territories to turn them into resources, merchandise or environmental services. 

Visions of a transition which reproduce extractivist capitalism, including those focused on the nationalisation of minerals and oil and do not guarantee structural changes.

Any appropriation of local knowledge, expertise and wisdom by mining companies and governments to encourage extractive activities.

That extractivist companies, in addition to exploiting the environment, also engage in widespread corruption, eliminating trust in public institutions and the functioning of the judicial system.

That to date, the COPs have failed to provide real solutions to address climate injustice and inequality caused by predatory extractivism. Instead they have, under the pressure of Northern countries, made decisions in the interests of the economic model which is responsible for the ecological and climate crisis.

We recognise:

That the strength to face this crisis lies with young people, women, communities and organisations, movements and territories. 

That our anti-capitalist struggle is also a decolonial, anti-patriarchal and anti-racist struggle.

That the true knowledge-keepers of territories are those who have historically inhabited them.

That nature is a subject of rights and recognition of this is a global necessity. 

The self-determination of peoples to resist and say “no” to the invasion of mining companies in their territories.

We will fight

So that ecological justice emerges from the territories where the processes to protect life, water, ecosystems and Mother Earth are increasingly threatened and impacted by predatory extractivist capitalism.

To strengthen and respect the autonomy of communities and their organisations to define solutions in the framework of justice and equity based on nature, the planet and humanity.

For the respect of the Indigenous peoples, peasants and other communities, who are the guardians of their territories. 

To cease the auctioning of mining and oil concessions in our territories.  

Alongside frontline resistance to mega-mining and processes which seek mining-bans.

To ensure that mining companies which have benefited from the looting of nature are fully liable for mine-closure processes, and that integral repair of the territory arises from collective and participatory processes led by affected communities.

So that environmental catastrophes, pollution, murders and any other violation in territories affected by mining companies are recognised for what they are: crimes. It is urgent to develop binding policies and mechanisms to confront the generalised impunity enjoyed by companies, their owners, their executives and their financial centres.

To strengthen organisations and movements that fight in defence of the territories.

To develop regional solidarity and agreements to ensure food, energy and economic sovereignty.

To defend water in all its states as a source of life.

To sow, celebrate and strengthen territories free of mining.

Signatories:

Asamblea por la Defensa del Elki (Chile/Elqui)
Acción Ecológica (Ecuador/Quito)
Asamblea por el Agua del Guasco Alto (Chile/Huasco)
Belén dice NO a la minería (Chile/Arica)
CENSAT Agua Viva (Colombia/Bogotá)
Centro de Documentación e Información Bolivia (CEDIB) (Bolivia/Cochabamba)
Centro de Investigación sobre Inversión y Comercio (CEICOM) (El Salvador/ San Salvador)
Codemaa (Chile/Atacama)
Comunidad Indígena Diaguita Patay Co (Chile/Huasco)
Coordinadora Ambiental Valles en Movimiento Limarí – Monte Patria (Chile/Limarí–Monte Patria)
Coordinadora Penco-Lirquén (Chile/Penco-Lirquén)
Coordinadora por la Defensa del Río Loa y la Madre Tierra (Chile/Calama)
London Mining Network (Reino Unido/Londres)
Movimiento por las Sierras y Aguas de Minas Gerais (Brasil/ Minas Gerais)
Mesa Comunal de Turismo Monte Patria y Limarí (Chile/Monte Patria – Limarí)
Mining Watch Canada (Canadá/Ottawa)
Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros en América Latina (OCMAL) (Chile/Santiago)
Observatorio Conflictos Mineros de Zacatecas (OCMZAC) (México/Zacatecas)
Observatorio de Ecología Política de Venezuela (OEPV) (Venezuela/Caracas)
Observatorio Latinoamericano de Conflictos Ambientales (OLCA) (Chile/Santiago)
Observatorio Plurinacional de Salares Andinos (OPSA) (Chile/Atacama)
Putaendo Resiste (Chile/Putaendo)
Red de Afectados por la Vale (Brasil/Minas Gerais, Brumadinho)
Red de Mujeres El Loa (Chile/Calama)
War on Want (Reino Unido/Londres)

Click here to read the original version in Spanish.

  • Before you did not earn money with Green Racism grants:

    https : / / popularresistance . org / gretas-very-corporate-childrens-crusade/
    Behind the schoolgirl climate warrior lies a shadowy cabal of lobbyists, investors and energy companies seeking to profit from a green bonanza

    Now you’ve decided to join these a shadowy cabal of lobbyists, investors and energy companies.

  • voza0db

    Ok… Just a very small real example of what is required to do in order to truly tackle “UMAN MADE CLIMATE CHANGE AND ECOSYSTEMS DESTRUCTION”!

    After our daughter of fifteen years of age was moved to tears by the speech of Greta Thunberg at the UN the other day, she became angry with our generation “who had been doing nothing for thirty years.”

    So, we decided to help her prevent what the girl on TV announced of “massive eradication and the disappearance of entire ecosystems.”

    We are now committed to give our daughter a future again, by doing our part to help cool the planet four degrees.

    From now on she will go to school on a bicycle, because driving her by car costs fuel, and fuel puts emissions into the atmosphere. Of course it will be winter soon and then she will want to go by bus, but cycling through the freezing builds resilience.

    Of course, she is now asking for an electric bicycle, but we have shown her the devastation caused to the areas of the planet as a result of mining for the extraction of Lithium and other minerals used to make batteries for electric bicycles, so she will be pedaling, or walking.

    Which will not harm her, or the planet. We used to cycle and walk to school too.

    Since the girl on TV demanded “we need to get rid of our dependency on fossil fuels” and our daughter agreed with her, we have disconnected the heat vent in her room. The temperature is now dropping to twelve degrees in the evening, and will drop below freezing in the winter, we have promised to buy her an extra sweater, hat, tights, gloves and a blanket.

    For the same reason we have decided that from now on she only takes a cold shower. She will wash her clothes by hand, with a wooden washboard, because the washing machine is simply a power consumer and since the dryer uses natural gas, she will hang her clothes on the clothes line to dry, just like my parents and grandparents used to do.

    Speaking of clothes, the ones that she currently has are all synthetic, so made from petroleum. Therefore on Monday, we will bring all her designer clothing to the secondhand shop.

    We have found an eco store where the only clothing they sell is made from undyed and unbleached linen and jute. Also can’t have clothes made on wool, because the emissions from farting sheep are supposedly causing bad weather.

    It shouldn’t matter that it looks good on her, or that she is going to be laughed at, dressing in colorless, bland clothes and without a wireless bra, but that is the price she has to pay for the benefit of The Climate.

    Cotton is out of the question, as it comes from distant lands and pesticides are used for it. Very bad for the environment.

    We just saw on her Instagram that she’s pretty angry with us. This was not our intention.

    From now on, at 7 p.m. We will turn off the WiFi and we will only switch it on again the next day after dinner for two hours. In this way we will save on electricity, so she is not bothered by electro-stress and will be totally isolated from the outside world. This way, she can concentrate solely on her homework. At eleven o’clock in the evening we will pull the breaker to shut the power off to her room, so she knows that dark is really dark. That will save a lot of CO2.

    She will no longer be participating in winter sports to ski lodges and resorts, nor will she be going on anymore vacations with us, because our vacation destinations are practically inaccessible by bicycle.

    Since our daughter fully agrees with the girl on TV that the CO2 emissions and footprints of her great-grandparents are to blame for ‘killing our planet’, what all this simply means, is that she also has to live like her great-grandparents and they never had a holiday, a car or even a bicycle.

    We haven’t talked about the carbon footprint of food yet.

    Zero CO2 footprint means no meat, no fish and no poultry, but also no meat substitutes that are based on soy (after all, that grows in farmers fields, that use machinery to harvest the beans, trucks to transport to the processing plants, where more energy is used, then trucked to the packaging/canning plants, and trucked once again to the stores) and also no imported food, because that has a negative ecological effect. And absolutely no chocolate from Africa, no coffee from South America and no tea from Asia.

    Only homegrown potatoes, vegetables and fruit that have been grown in local cold soil, because greenhouses run on boilers, piped in CO2 and artificial light. Apparently, these things are also bad for The Climate. We will teach her how to grow her own food.

    Bread is still possible, but butter, milk, cheese and yogurt, cottage cheese and cream come from cows and they emit CO2. No more margarine and no oils will be used for the frying pan, because that fat is palm oil from plantations in Borneo where rain forests first grew.

    No ice cream in the summer. No soft drinks and no energy drinks, as the bubbles are CO2.

    We will also ban all plastic, because it comes from chemical factories. Everything made of steel and aluminum must also be removed. Have you ever seen the amount of energy a blast furnace consumes or an aluminum smelter? All bad for the climate!

    We will replace her memory foam pillow top mattress, with a jute bag filled with straw, with a horse hair pillow.

    And finally, she will no longer be using makeup, soap, shampoo, cream, lotion, conditioner, toothpaste and medication. Facewashers will all be linen, that she can wash by hand, with her wooden washboard, just like her female ancestors did before climate change made her angry at us for destroying her future.

    In this way we will help her to do her part to prevent mass extinction, water levels rising and the disappearance of entire ecosystems.

    If she truly believes she wants to walk the talk of the girl on TV, she will gladly accept and happily embrace her new way of life.

    Regards,
    (Name Withheld)

    If ANYONE thinks this is just BS, then I’m glad to inform you that you are a denier of UMAN MADE CLIMATE CHANGE AND ECOSYSTEMS DESTRUCTION.

  • voza0db

    In this way we will help her to do her part to prevent mass
    extinction, water levels rising and the disappearance of entire
    ecosystems.

    If she truly believes she wants to walk the talk of
    the girl on TV, she will gladly accept and happily embrace her new way
    of life.

    Regards,
    (Name Withheld)

    If ANYONE thinks this is just BS, then I’m glad to inform you that you are a denier of UMAN
    MADE CLIMATE CHANGE AND ECOSYSTEMS DESTRUCTION.

  • voza0db

    We will also ban all plastic, because it comes from chemical factories. Everything made of steel and aluminum must also be removed. Have you ever seen the amount of energy a blast furnace consumes or an aluminum smelter? All bad for the climate!

    We will replace her memory foam pillow top mattress, with a jute bag filled with straw, with a horse hair pillow.

    And finally, she will no longer be using makeup, soap, shampoo, cream, lotion, conditioner, toothpaste and medication. Facewashers will all be linen, that she can wash by hand, with her wooden washboard, just like her female ancestors did before climate change made her angry at us for destroying her future.

  • voza0db

    Only homegrown potatoes, vegetables and fruit that have been grown in local cold soil, because greenhouses run on boilers, piped in CO2 and artificial light. Apparently, these things are also bad for The Climate. We will teach her how to grow her own food.

    Bread is still possible, but butter, milk, cheese and yogurt, cottage cheese and cream
    come from cows and they emit CO2. No more margarine and no oils will be used for the frying pan, because that fat is palm oil from plantations in Borneo where rain forests first grew.

    No ice cream in the summer. No soft drinks and no energy drinks, as the bubbles are CO2.

  • voza0db

    Since our daughter fully agrees with the girl on TV that the CO2 emissions and footprints of her great-grandparents are to blame for ‘killing our planet’, what all this simply means, is that she also has to live like her great-grandparents and they never had a holiday, a car
    or even a bicycle.

    We haven’t talked about the carbon footprint of food yet.

    Zero CO2 footprint means no meat, no fish and no poultry, but also no meat substitutes that are based on soy (after all, that grows in farmers fields, that use machinery to harvest the beans, trucks to transport to the processing plants, where more energy is used, then trucked to the packaging/canning plants, and trucked once again to the stores) and also no imported food, because that has a negative ecological effect. And absolutely no chocolate from Africa, no coffee from South America and no tea from Asia.

  • voza0db

    Cotton is out of the question, as it comes from distant lands and pesticides are used for it. Very bad for the environment.

    We just saw on her Instagram that she’s pretty angry with us. This was not our intention.

    From now on, at 7 p.m. We will turn off the WiFi and we will only switch it on again the next day after dinner for two hours. In this way we will save on electricity, so she is not bothered by electro-stress and will be totally isolated from the outside world. This way, she can concentrate solely on her homework. At eleven o’clock in the evening we will pull the breaker to shut the power off to her room, so she knows that dark is really dark. That will save a lot of CO2.

    She will no longer be participating in winter sports to ski lodges and resorts, nor will she be going on anymore vacations with us, because our vacation destinations are practically inaccessible by bicycle.

  • voza0db

    For the same reason we have decided that from now on she only takes a cold shower. She will wash her clothes by hand, with a wooden washboard, because the washing machine is simply a power consumer and since the dryer uses natural gas, she will hang her clothes on the clothes line to dry, just like my parents and grandparents used to do.

    Speaking of clothes, the ones that she currently has are all synthetic, so made from petroleum. Therefore on Monday, we will bring all her designer clothing to the secondhand shop.

    We have found an eco store where the only clothing they sell is made from undyed and unbleached linen and jute. Also can’t have clothes made on wool, because the emissions from farting sheep are supposedly causing bad weather.

    It shouldn’t matter that it looks good on her, or that she is going to be laughed at,
    dressing in colorless, bland clothes and without a wireless bra, but that is the price she has to pay for the benefit of The Climate.

  • voza0db

    From now on she will go to school on a bicycle, because driving her by car costs fuel, and fuel puts emissions into the atmosphere. Of course it will be winter soon and then she will want to go by bus, but cycling through the freezing builds resilience.

    Of course, she is now asking for an electric bicycle, but we have shown her the devastation caused to the areas of the planet as a result of mining for the extraction of Lithium and other minerals used to make batteries for electric bicycles, so she will be pedaling, or walking.

    Which will not harm her, or the planet. We used to cycle and walk to school too.

    Since the girl on TV demanded “we need to get rid of our dependency on fossil fuels” and our daughter agreed with her, we have disconnected the heat vent in her room. The temperature is now dropping to twelve degrees in the evening, and will drop below freezing in the winter, we have promised to buy her an extra sweater, hat, tights, gloves and a blanket.

  • voza0db

    Ok… Just a very small real example of what is required to do in order to truly tackle “UMAN MADE CLIMATE CHANGE AND ECOSYSTEMS DESTRUCTION”!

    After our daughter of fifteen years of age was moved to tears by the speech of Greta Thunberg at the UN the other day, she became angry with our generation “who had been doing nothing for thirty years.”

    So, we decided to help her prevent what the girl on TV announced of “massive eradication and the disappearance of entire ecosystems.”

    We are now committed to give our daughter a future again, by doing our part to help cool the planet four degrees.

  • mwildfire

    That was an awful lot of words to sneer at someone who gives a shit. Fortunately the girl is in high school and can soon get away from her asshole parents.

  • voza0db

    So… you are also one of those that won’t do anything to tackle climate change! Good for you.

  • mwildfire

    My household probably uses no more than a tenth of the US average; I grow half our food; I put a lot of time into fighting the biggest local threat, a massive buildout of the gas industry; today I stood in a chilly drizzle in front of the local courthouse with half a dozen other people, holding signs for the Climate Strike.
    Whereas what YOU do is put a truly suspicious amount of time into denigrating ANYTHING anyone proposes as a solution. Are you in fact a paid troll, or just a jerk?

  • Jon

    Thank you for a clear positive unambiguous message DB. Let’s see more like it! Whoops! i spoke too soon, having just read the post below!

  • voza0db

    Yes Jon… don’t get to excited! I had to split the letter from those parents because “they” believe the full text is s pa m

    But you sound just like mwildfire, so you can team up, and present your best arguments to the debate!

  • voza0db

    I already told Kevin and all those that read this site, what I do on a daily basis…

    And if we’re going to compare ‘uses’ then my lifestyle uses no more than a tenth of what you use.

    In the end is pointless but at least funny.

  • mwildfire

    Do tell. I must have missed that post.

  • voza0db

    The reply of Kevin and Margaret was the traditional american style!

    You know the drill (delete spaces!)

    https : / / popularresistance . org / hunger-strike-continues-in-pelosis-office-by-extinction-rebellion

    Enjoy the fun…

  • mwildfire

    Okay, found it. I don’t know where you get that you use 10% of what I do. Everything you claimed applies to me except that I do drink coffee (I get ten pounds at a time from a fair trade outfit) and occasional alcohol, and I do have a Fascistbook account because the most important thing we can do is spread information and that’s a key venue (I am always conflicted about it tho).
    Now. How much electricity do you use and where does it come from? Do you grow any of your food? Do you buy meat or dairy products that come from CAFOs?
    And rather more to the point, aside from your own footprint, what do you do to try to make change on a lager scale, whether in your own community, in Portugal, the EU or globally? All I ever see from you is sneering at anyone trying to make a difference in any way. If you’re talking about COP conferences I’d call that fair–they really are a sham, making no apparent effort to change anything, wasting quite a lot of jet fuel to issue a lot of lip service, while privileging the worst polluters with seats at the table. But you direct the same contempt they deserve at 100% of anybody trying to make change, however sincerely and usefully. No, there has not yet been a person capable of solving the entire problem with one effort. It doesn’t work that way.

  • voza0db

    The point is what does those actions of yours – you described before – actually CHANGE? (try to be honest!)

    In short you will reach the obvious and simple conclusion I’ve reached more than 10 years ago…

  • mwildfire

    What, that nothing anybody can do will help, but it’s worth spending lots of time discouraging anyone from doing anything?

  • voza0db

    Why do you keep saying I’m discouraging everyone?!

    You failed to answer my question – by obvious reasons – but never mind that because I know what is the result of what you do.

    If we persist in portraying an unreal scenery we will never CHANGE.

    But never mind my comments… If you believe that walking up and down a street with a sign will CHANGE the sub-systems and the MAIN SYSTEM just keep walking.

  • mwildfire

    Name ONE time that you have responded positively to any story about someone trying to make a difference on climate change.

    Will walking up and down with a sign change anything? Of course not–nothing one person can do will ever change anything, which is why the world has never changed, right? Let me assign you a pair of science fiction novels by Connie Willis: Blackout and All Clear. They had a strong effect on me…they are one story, starting with Blackout, along with a couple of other novels she’s written about historical researchers from 2060 who use a time travel device to look into past events, in this case World War II England.

  • voza0db

    I can’t make a positive comment because until this day I haven’t read a SINGLE article describing reality and after the description offering simple ways for each animal to act and CHANGE.

    When I read that, I’ll be the 1st to respond positively.

    If you know that it is “of course not” then why waste time, energy and resources on something useless?!

    If we – each individual – are all contributing to the ecosystems destruction around the world by our daily actions the only way to reduce or stop that destruction is via individual change.

    Individual change only occurs when the animal recognizes he his the cause of the destruction and feels the urgent responsibility do act.

    So… YES one person changing causes a relief in the destruction. If other start to view Reality like it is – that’s why I’m always referring to REALITY and you can only see it as negative (less fiction!)- then they might also change.

    But, again, the reality of the numbers do not help when change must happen rapidly… and to CHANGE the mindset of a degenerated uman animal Time is required is a large amount.