Medicine Hat Becomes First City In Canada To Eliminate Homelessness

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Above Photo: The Alberta Council of Women’s Shelters released its annual report Thursday that said despite the economic downturn the province hasn’t seen a spike in shelter visits. (Andy Clark/Reuters)

Medicine Hat, a city in southern Alberta, pledged in 2009 to put an end to homelessness. Now they say they’ve fulfilled their promise.

No one in the city spends more than 10 days in an emergency shelter or on the streets. If you’ve got no place to go, they’ll simply provide you with housing.

“We’re pretty much able to meet that standard today. Even quicker, actually, sometimes,” Mayor Ted Clugston tells As It Happens host Carol Off.

Housing is tight in Medicine Hat. Frequent flooding in the past few years didn’t help matters. With money chipped in by the province, the city built many new homes.

Clugston admits that when the project began in 2009, when he was an alderman, he was an active opponent of the plan.

“I even said some dumb things like, ‘Why should they have granite countertops when I don’t,'” he says. “However, I’ve come around to realize that this makes financial sense.”

Clugston says that it costs about $20,000 a year to house someone. If they’re on the street, it can cost up to $100,000 a year.

“This is the cheapest and the most humane way to treat people,” he says.

“Housing First puts everything on its head. It used to be, ‘You want a home, get off the drugs or deal with your mental health issues,'” Clugston says. “If you’re addicted to drugs, it’s going to be pretty hard to get off them, if you’re sleeping under a park bench.”

I even said some dumb things like, ‘Why should they have granite countertops when I don’t.’ However, I’ve come around.

– Medicine Hat Mayor Ted Clugston
And the strategy has worked. In Medicine Hat, emergency room visits and interactions with police have dropped. But there was one change that initially surprised Clugston — court appearances went up.

“They end up dealing with their past, atoning for their sins,” he says.

Clugston believes that no one on the streets is unreachable.

He says city staff found housing for one man, but he insisted on leaving to sleep under cars. Day after day, they’d search him out and take him back to his new home.

“They did it 75 times, but they had the patience and they didn’t give up on him and, eventually, he ended up staying in the house,” he says. “Ultimately, people do want a roof over their heads.”


  • DHFabian

    Americans always knew that providing aid to the poor saves a tremendous amount of money in the long run. When Bill Clinton ended actual welfare aid, he did point out (in a televised speech) that the public costs of ending welfare would quickly exceed the costs of welfare itself. The American public enthusiastically agreed that the costs were worth it, “for the principle of it.”

    Some 20 years later, the general public aren’t interested in the financial or human costs. The bottom line is that we have more people than are currently needed by employers, and we do regard them as mere “surplus population.” As long as they are kept under firm control, generally out of public sight, Americans find this better than living with the anxiety that some undeserving person is getting something than they haven’t personally earned.