Newsletter: Real History Of Revolution

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Above: Colonialists pull down statue of King George.

Official holidays in the United States tend to reinforce false historical narratives. The Fourth of July is one of those holidays and what the official story misses is the reality that must be told. During the decade before the Revolutionary War, colonists ran one of the most effective nonviolence resistance campaigns against corporate power in history.

The Campaign of Colonial Nonviolence: Lessons for Today

Imagine a nonviolent world.  Souce Pace a Benne flikr

Imagine a nonviolent world. Souce Pace a Benne flikr

Rivera Sun describes this campaign of nonviolent actions by showing that many of the tactics people attribute to Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Jr. and other modern activists were used in an effective campaign by the colonists including boycotts of British goods, replacing them with their own goods; refusing to cooperate with unjust laws, non-payment of taxes, the development of parallel governments and local assemblies as well as rallies, petitions, marches and protests.

Sun writes that the colonists created “some of the most powerful boycotts in nonviolent history . . . called “nonimportation programs,” which decreased British revenue in New England by 88 percent between 1774 and 1775. In the Carolinas, colonists deprived the Crown of 98.7 percent of import revenue. Moreover, in Virginia and Maryland, the rate reached an impressive 99.6 percent participation.”

Benjamin Naimark-Rowse describes three coordinated, nonviolent resistance campaigns in the decade before the war. The first was the 1765 campaign against the Stamp Act where tens of thousands of people refused to pay a tax to print legal documents and newspapers, halted consumption of British goods and shut the ports of Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.Tea Tax colonial drawing

The second was the 1767 uprising against the Townshend Acts, which taxed paper, glass, tea, and other commodities imported from Britain. Merchants in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia again stopped importing British goods and declared anyone continuing to trade with them as “enemies of their country.”  In 1770 Committees of Correspondence were formed to coordinate resistance and share information.

The third campaign was the creation of the Continental Congress, along with provincial congresses, to enforce the rights the colonists declared unto themselves-parallel institutions that created colonial self-rule.

A December 1773 advertisement for a Sons of Liberty meeting.

A December 1773 advertisement for a Sons of Liberty meeting.

All of these campaigns not only included boycotts and the shutdown of ports, they also included replacement goods create by the colonists. Newspapers were published without the British tax insignia on them and women replaced clothing by making colonial materials and products. Famous protests like the Boston Tea Party were one example, but the revolt was deep. Rivera Sun describes nine-year old New Jersey patriot Susan Boudinot who, when handed a cup of tea while visiting the governor, curtsied, raised the cup to her lips, and then tossed the tea out the window.

Ray Raphael, in “Founding Myths: Stories That Hide Our Patriotic Past,” describes how the colonists threw British officials out of office and created their own assemblies and institutions:

“[I]n 1774 common farmers and artisans from throughout Massachusetts rose up by the thousands and overthrew all British authority. In the small town of Worcester (only 300 voters), 4,622 militiamen from 37 surrounding communities lined both sides of Main Street and forced British-appointed officials to walk the gauntlet, hats in hand, reciting their recantations 30 times each so everyone could hear. There were no famous “leaders” for this event. The people elected representatives who served for one day only, the ultimate in term limits. “The body of the people” made decisions and the people decided that the old regime must fall.”

A Declaration of Independence twenty-one months before July 4, 1776.

A Declaration of Independence twenty-one months before July 4, 1776. Click for more.

Independence from Britain was not the “founding myth” of a handful of glorified founding fathers, but a revolt of the masses. For example, while Thomas Jefferson is credited as the author of the Declaration of Independence, Bill Bigelow reminds us that: “In 1997, Pauline Maier published American Scripture, where she uncovered 90 state and local ‘declarations of independence’ that preceded the U.S. Declaration of Independence. The consequence of this historical tidbit is profound: Jefferson was not a lonely genius conjuring his notions from the ether; he was part of a nationwide political upheaval.”

African Americans, the Indigenous and Independence

Historian Gerald Horne writes that the picture was even more complex. Slavery may have been the key factor in creating a consensus for independence among some of the wealthiest colonists. The Somerset Case decided in England in 1772 proclaimed there was no legal basis for slavery. The slave plantation owners of the era, along with those in port cities who profited from slavery, saw that if they stayed a colony of Great Britain, they would lose their property, slaves. This pushed the ‘founders’ to support independence. In reality, the revolution for independence and freedom was a counter revolution to prevent the freedom of African American slaves.

General John Sullivan was selected by George Washington to deal with the tribes who had sided with the British during the Revolutionary War. This included; the Mohawks, Cayuga, Onondagas and Seneca tribes. It was named the Sullivan Campaign and General Sullivan took no mercy destroying at least 40 villages, including burning their crops and homes. This destruction lead to over 5,000 Iroquois displaced and many starved or froze to death during the winter months.

General John Sullivan was selected by George Washington to deal with the tribes who had sided with the British during the Revolutionary War. This included; the Mohawks, Cayuga, Onondagas and Seneca tribes. It was named the Sullivan Campaign and General Sullivan took no mercy destroying at least 40 villages, including burning their crops and homes. This destruction lead to over 5,000 Iroquois displaced and many starved or froze to death during the winter months.

Rivera Sun writes that “Some scholars even go so far as to call the Revolutionary War, the “War of Reclamation,” for the revolution had already been won in the hearts, minds, homes, and practices of the people by the time the British Crown sought to reclaim the independent and self-governing colonies.” The extent of the nonviolent rebellion led King George to declare  “…The New England Governments are in a State of Rebellion; blows must decide whether they are to be subject to this Country or independent.” In response, colonists organized the Second Continental Congress, appointed George Washington Commander-in-Chief and so began eight years of violent conflict.

Another myth shattered by the reality of history is the myth of George Washington as a hero. During the Revolutionary War, he ordered the slaughter of Indigenous Peoples. The Indigenous had taken the side of England in the war because they promised to stop the westward expansion which stole indigenous lands. In response, Washington ordered what would be a war crime against “six nations of Indians” in New York requiring “their total destruction and devastation and the capture of as many persons of every age and sex as possible. It will be essential to ruin their crops now on the ground, and prevent their planting more. . . .Parties should be detached to lay waste all settlements around . . . that the country may not be merely overrun, but destroyed. . . .”

The pre-revolutionary era was a complex time. The Founding Fathers were not believers in democracy, as we are often told, but were elites who used violence to steal property from the indigenous and used slavery to profit from the land. It is important to realize how it was a mass upheaval, or mass movement, that created a nonviolent revolution prior to the war because then we also understand our roles today of being part of a movement for economic, racial and environmental justice.

The Founding Myth Still Impacts the US Today

By not knowing the real story of our founding, many of the difficult issues of that era remain unresolved, such as that US Empire is the child of Manifest Destiny, racism and abuse of African Americans and the Indigenous. Violence and militarism continue to be dominant in US culture. We see that war culture in the Fourth of July itself – bombs bursting in air are represented by fireworks and the military is on parade while there is no celebration of the nonviolent movement of that era.Thomas Paine Common Sense

In July 4th, the Meaning of Democracy, Howie Hawkins describes how US leaders applaud democracy while denying it at home and abroad. The oligarch founders of the nation feared democracy, limited the power of voters and created a government where only 6% could actually vote. Today, US democracy needs major transformations to become a real democracy, and its economy needs to represent not just the 1% but all of us. Hawkins writes, “it is time to declare our independence from the oppressive King Georges of our time in the oligarchy of the super-rich and their bought and paid for political representatives in the Democratic and Republican parties.”

Thomas Paine, the author and political advocate of the revolutionary era, who was neither an oligarchic nor usually classified as one of the mythologized founders, put forward a progressive agenda that has gradually been made part of US governance but is still not completed. Chris Hedges describes Paine as “America’s one great revolutionary theorist.”  Paine advocated for an egalitarian society that included voting rights for non-property owners, women and blacks. He favored land reform so that land was shared equitably not because royalty had given land to someone they favored. Paine opposed slavery and called for its abolition. He called for healthcare for all, social security and a basic income.Frederick Douglass

Rather than the egalitarian society Paine envisioned, the United States required a war to end slavery, took more than 100 years to allow women to vote and has become a vastly unequal society which still does not provide a basic income, healthcare for all or retirement security.

Frederick Douglass’ Fourth of July speech, given in 1852, remains one of the best political speeches in all of US history. In it he criticizes the nation from the perspective of slaves and much of what he said remains true today:

“. . . your celebration is a sham; your boasted liberty, an unholy license; your national greatness, swelling vanity; your sound of rejoicing are empty and heartless; your denunciation of tyrants brass fronted impudence; your shout of liberty and equality, hollow mockery; your prayers and hymns, your sermons and thanks-givings, with all your religious parade and solemnity, are to him, mere bombast, fraud, deception, impiety, and hypocrisy — a thin veil to cover up crimes which would disgrace a nation of savages. There is not a nation on the earth guilty of practices more shocking and bloody than are the people of the United States, at this very hour.”

Applying Colonial Nonviolence to the Issues of Our Era

Patrick Cockburn wrote this week that “We are living in an age of disintegration.” He describes wars around the globe and the disintegration of countries in the Middle East and Africa that used to provide jobs and social services but are now failed states. Cockburn writes that neoliberalism has created enormous wealth divides. These policies have not only created instability in the Middle East and Africa but are doing so in Europe and the United States, where, in the Brexit vote, the UK voted to leave the EU and major political parties are in turmoil.Brexit anti-EU protester

The Brexit vote shows that neoliberal policies have widened the gap between the elites and the people. While one of the architects of globalization, the unpopular Tony Blair, desperately calls for the “center to hold,” it is evident the center is failing because living standards are shrinking, people are becoming more insecure and the wars Cockburn describes have created mass migrations that add to instability.

The Brexit vote demonstrated a crisis of capitalism that has devolved into a crisis of democracy. It remains to be seen whether the EU elites will face up to the need for changes to assure self-determination, democracy and economic fairness or whether they will fail and face a Brexit domino effect. What is needed is a re-founding of Europe so that it becomes a social democracy that ends the failed policies of neoliberalism and austerity, recognizes the need for democratic self-rule and egalitarian polices that produce economic security for people, and shrinks the wealth divide.

1nold13Not only are people showing their opposition to the direction globalization is going but they are doing so in other ways. There have been mass protests in Europe against the Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP).  In the US last week, 500,000 petitions were delivered to Congress demanding the  rejection of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).  Over 2,500 people have joined the No Lame Duck Uprising to stop the TPP from being ratified this fall. These trade agreements are designed to enhance the power of big corporations at the expense of people and the environment as well as to undermine democracy, social services and economic equality.

Economic insecurity is growing. Last week a long-term poll, which tracks anxiety about the economy, found that 71% of people in the US believe the economy is rigged against them. They see that banks, financiers, debt collectors, universities and the government are profiting off of the economic suffering of the 42 million people who have $1.3 trillion in college debt. The crisis of governance and the economy was also visible in the vote in Spain where the Left is building power because of austerity, corporatism and inequality.

1roxThis “age of disintegration” is not just economic, but is also the reality of the disintegrating environment and climate change.  This week in Boston, Vice President Al Gore’s daughter, Karenna, was arrested for her first time in a civil resistance protest against a pipeline. She was among 23 arrested. In another protest, business owners were arrested over the same pipeline, as were another 26 people in this series of actions. Protest against carbon infrastructure, in an age when science is urging a clean energy economy, is becoming mainstream, common and recognized as an acceptable practice. While we know a shift to clean energy could save millions of lives, this week President Obama approved 1,500 off-shore oil fracking permits instead. Once again, even with the future of the planet at stake, the elites are unable to govern responsibly.

Struggle Overcomes

In an interview this week Noam Chomsky described the downsides of globalization that we are currently suffering: the inequality, the lack of power for workers and the growing power of corporations. International trade agreements and institutions are designed not for the people but for transnational corporate power.

People are reacting to the unfairness in the economy and the corruption of government by big business interests. They are reacting in various ways through their vote and various means of protests. Chomsky notes that “Globalisation could be designed so that it’s beneficial to the general population” or designed for “high protection for major corporations, for big pharmaceuticals, media conglomerates, and so on.”

1occupyHe concludes with the recognition that people have power, “We can be very optimistic. Things like this have happened before and they’ve been overcome. . .There are reactions to problems that are not easy to overcome, but I think there are plenty of possibilities.”

What we should know when we reflect on our history is that successful protest is in our DNA. The nation was founded by an uprising. People organized and took on the most challenging nation of the era. Knowing our true history helps us to correct the mistakes of the past and to know we can build power. As Thomas Paine wrote, “We have it in our power to begin the world over again.”

  • truncmunkey

    The way that you can tell this website is bogus and exists to deflect righteous dialog, direct discussions to the direction of ‘more-desirable’ outcomes for the totalitarian, corrupt-cabal, as an example, it promotes non-violence over violence.

  • il corvo

    The Doctrine of Discovery, Manifest Destiny and the many myths about the men and government of the early US sounds very similar to what is happening in the attrition and suppression of the Palestinian people and their land by the more powerful Israeli’s. Myth does become reality when it isn’t challenged and changed. Thanks for a good holiday article.

  • kevinzeese

    I’m not a pacifist so for me the issue is — what is effective? I have not seen very many circumstances where violence is the effective approach.

    One thing we left out of this because of space was the ‘tar and feathering’ used occassionally by the colonists against British officials. It was used only about a half dozen times because they found it actually hurt their cause. It drove people away from the movement for Independence. Rather than grow the movement it made it smaller, so they were tacticial and discouraged such acts.

    The Weather Underground, blowing up buildings, also had a similar impact.

    The goal is to build a mass movement, not a fringe movement because mass movements are the only way to win. Do you think there are a lot of people who would support a guerrila war against the elites and law enforcement in the US? Do you think it would grow or shrink the movement? Wouldn’t it be used to justify police violence against the movement? Violence is not an effective strategy to achieve the transformational goals we seek.

  • mwildfire

    I have fantasies of time travel in which we arrive in a helicopter to rescue Thomas Paine, one of my all time heroes, punished for being so far ahead of his time.

  • History301

    Many thanks to Kevin and Margaret for this wonderfully accurate Newsletter. Once again, you folks hit the nail on the head and I hope it is heard far and wide.

  • History301

    I’ve often been of a mind that the practice of tar and feathering could be brought back under certain circumstances and I can also understand why it’s left out of this Newsletter. While it might be thought funny by some, if for example, a crowd tar and feathered the Koch brothers, this would no doubt have a down side, such as, a militarized police reaction.
    I’m not a pacifist either, and I agree with you about the use of violence, although civil disobedience is whole other matter.
    Take care Kevin and thanks again for a wonderfully accurate Newsletter and always telling the truth to the best of your ability.

  • Al

    Two things we should be doing in particular, protesting U.S. imperialism, actually all imperialism – NATO, etc., and boycotting this election between Trump and Clinton. Chomsky is dead wrong to advocate voting for Clinton, a de facto war criminal responsible for the deaths of hundreds of thousands in multiple countries. She, along with her idols Albright and Kissinger belong in prison and yet Chomsky is advocating voting for her. That’s pretty wild.
    I’ve noticed more people saying they will not vote for either Trump or Clinton, they are done with the two major political parties, etc. The conditions are ripe to protest this corrupt and illegitimate political system right now.

  • George L Pauk

    Led by the WAPO and other corporate outlets, we have the drum beat for intervention regime change violence ramping up against the poor Venezuelans.

  • TeeJae

    Easy to do. Share it on social media and email with everyone you know.

  • truncmunkey

    This Revolution will have to be different in some fundamental ways to be successful and it will be different and successful. This enemy is in the later stages of Totalitarian oppression, impoverishment, and murdering of the American people and humanity, than previous regimes. Totalitarian oppression is not static, it’s like a snowball rolling down a hill, the bigger it gets, the faster it rolls. It is in the process and desires to strip every single inalienable right, all civil liberties,all dignity, every cent, down to the penney, any and all vestiges of property ownership, etc. from humanity, as well as it’s extermination by way of genocide. Humanity has nothing to loose. Mass movement vs fringe movement. This Revolution will be a little of both. That’s necessary. The vast majority of people have proven that they will and are lying down to tyranny, if not supporting it. When the American Revolution broke out in 1776, about one third of the Colonists were for the Revolution, one third were for the British, called loyalist, and one third were neutral. Of the one third that supported the Revolution, a much smaller percent took up arms and fought. They were determined. And, they were not fighting an enemy that wanted to take every thing from them, including their very existence. This enemy just wanted to tax them. Granted that would have been the start of ongoing oppression,etc. that would have brought to the level of Totalitarian oppression that we are at today and getting worse by the day. The type of worthless, lame, cowardly, indoctrinated, self-deluded, self-policing, tyranny-embracing, non-principled, no-integrity, stand-for-nothing, fall-for-everything, human debri that charcterize the majority of the American people do not make for a mass movement. A mass movement is not possible or desirable and is not the goal or a goal, as you state. History has proven that a Determined minority can and often has defeated the most powerful enemy. It has over fourty percent of the time in recent history. For an example study the “Winter War’ about the war between Finnish Guerillas and the entire might of the Soviet Union in an around 1939. The entire German Army failed to accomplish what a handful of Finns did against one of the top three most powerful countries in the world at the time. Read up on asymmetric warfare tactics. They Guerilla Warrier only encounters the enemy when superior in time and place, then dissappearing back into the ranks of the citizenry or the Guerilla’s environment. Apache Attack Helicopters, Abrahms Tanks, Smart Bombs, most modern weaponry, do not operate or are successful in this type of warfare. Anyone who cowardly states Revolution or violence will increase oppression and the severity of police cracking down on civil liberties as a concern to not revolt, is a fool and a coward, and a part of the reason, along with ones vast worthless companions in the masses, because the Corrupt, Totalitarian Government is already doing that anyway by design, as, again, Totalitarianism is not static. Also, the more oppressive the State gets, the more of the ‘Determined Minority’ will be pulled into the rank and file because they will be forced to act and act with a moral-imperative. And, since this movement will be in part a mass movement, it will cause allies to the ‘good-cause’ to align with the Guerillas in support. So bring on more oppression that’s coming anyway, now. This Revolution will be a Revolution that won’t end by defeat of the Guerillas if things do go badly for the Guerillas, because to ‘right-minded’ individuals, they have nothing to loose. And that will be another area of their strength and determination. And, it only takes 3-5% of the population to effect a successful Revolution. This Revolution will also be a Total-Reckoning_Revolution, as Government will be eradicated, never to be allowed to manifest on the planet again, as well as standing armies, and money/monetary systems/banking. There won’t be ‘taking over’, or merely overthrowing the Governments. It will be total eradication of infrastructure, extermination of all personnel related to the Government and the global cabal that had in any way to do with humanities oppression’ impoverishment, and murder. The earmarked personnel will be severely tortured, the rest exterminated by various levels of severity. The monetary system, money and banking and all wealth will be rendered valueless or destroyed. Standing armies and law enforcement will be defeated, killed and tortured, the ones that don’t abdicate and align with the Revolutionists. The immediate aftermath will be worse than living under the Totalitarian regime, no phones, and two sticks may have to be rubbed together to get fire, but necessary. Many will die and perish in the aftermath, good, bad, necessary.


    We have a long way to go, but we should always keep on working for our cause is just.

  • BeUtahful

    “We have it in our power to begin the world over again.” I’ve been driving my all electric Nissan Leaf car for two and a half years now I just got 28 solar panels on my roof last month I call and send emails to my quote-unquote Representatives asking them to protect our air quality and environment from the 5 oil refineries and dastardly medical waste incinerator within 10 miles of my house I’ve attended protests against the medical waste incinerator and clean air protest at the Capitol and public hearings at the library one in which we just won the EPA is forcing the coal burning power plants in southern Utah to install state-of-the-art filters on their toxic durty emissions. Our state is one of the top coal-burning states in the country getting over 85% of its power from the coal-burning power plants and selling power to Las Vegas and California. Thus Utah is the biggest polluter in the Western Hemisphere I’m sure and coal burning is the number one contributor to global warming all the Mormons love it. I know I’m making a difference I know the people have the power and can win! Time to change the world! Thanks for the excellent article happy Fourth of July!

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  • Jamie Clemons

    Except that it was violent revolution with real battles and real blood shed.

  • I don’t know about you but I’m packin heat.

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  • AlanMacDonald

    Yes, Al, we have to be protesting imperialism and Empire — but we have to help average Americans understand that our Revolution against Empire must continue today — just as it did 240 years ago.

    As I have written elsewhere:

    “People have to come to the understanding that ‘their’ country is no longer ‘theirs’ and that it is no longer a country — but only the metropole of the singular, first, last, and only truly global Empire and is, like cancer, also a disguised Empire.

    You are certainly correct that educating the people about this diagnosis of a cancerous, but also hidden, Empire is critically important.

    This education and exposure of Empire must start with a core vanguard of public intellectuals, academics of empire, and an understanding of the history of empire — which lessons must then be spread out to at least 3 to 5%
    of average Americans.

    There is such a core vanguard of leaders like; Hedges, Zeese, Stein, Maiers, Blum, Harvey, Robinson, Berman, et
    al., but we must get beyond the old ‘American Empire Project’ of thinking that this is an American Empire per se, because Americans will not revolt against what they still perceive as ‘their country’ — they will only revolt against an Empire which has ‘captured’, controls, and has “Occupied” their former country.

    Anyway, the vanguard must search for the best path to educate that essential 3 to 5% of Americans about the real and currently disguised nature of an Empire that is different than and dangerous to, ‘their country’.

    On that score, I have recently been beta-testing the possibility that people can begin to understand the actual situation by such methods as suggesting that July 4th, which is called “Independence Day” should be called
    “Independence Day from Empire” — and/or that the “Declaration of Independence” should more completely be thought of and called the “Declaration of Independence against Empire”.

    The American people generally, if only partially, already understand the ‘our country’ and ‘their country’ was formed by breaking away from an Empire (some even know that it was the British Empire, but fewer that it was a wannabe and nearly Global Empire) — so that might be a good starting point.

    The awareness and understanding that ‘their coutry’/ ‘our country’ is now, 240 years later, ‘captive’ to an Empire again should rightly annoy, disturb, and motivate some % of American people to understand why the country that they think of as ‘their country’ is so strongly felt by the
    majority of America’s as being on the ‘wrong track’ (and not seeming to be responsive at all to what they think would be better).

    After all, if ‘our country’ never seems to change for the better, in the opinion of the average Americans who vote for a change to a ‘better track’, then there must be something in the way, and ‘blocking’, our majority desires, wishes, needs, and wants for ‘our country’ —- which was exactly the same problem that our forefathers had because an Empire, the British Empire, was actually controlling and fully directing the entire social, economic, political, and peoples preferences of how things should be run.

    So if average American people can start to understand that earlier Americans were in the same situation, of their own liberties, choices, freedoms, and abilities to live in a functioning democratic republic of the people, were being frustrated and blocked in a ‘wrong track’ by the ruling Empire that is actually controlling ‘their country’, then some progress could be made in bringing average Americans to a similar level of understanding that the fully ‘Empire aware’ public intellectuals like Hedges, et al. are now already aware of.

    The next step, of course, is that once an expanded group of average Americans (3 to 5%) become aware of an Empire blocking their entirely valid and popularly held preferences and needs for real self-government, then the motivations of such people will need to be directed in such a way as to be both constructive and non-violent (because any motivation toward violence to re-establish a level of
    self-government would be both unconstructive and deadly to any people who tried to violently bring down an Empire controlled military Goliath which has control of massive weapon systems — as the people at the perimeter of this Disguised Global Capitalist Empire in the Middle East,
    Eastern Europe, South America, and other territories of the Empire have already learned in the blood of their dead brothers, wives, and children).

    So, open and peaceful protesting — which is still and
    unarguably protected by even the most convoluted interpretation of our fading Constitution — can be done with words instead of bullets, in firing a totally non-violent “Shout heard round the world” by average Americans in igniting a “Peaceful Political Revolution against Empire”
    by mearly, but insistently carrying protest signs that read, “Peaceful Political Revolution against Empire” and shouting ‘political revolution against this Empire’ in the streets of America.

    Such an ‘American Spring’ of peacefully protesting in a non-violent political revolution against Empire can certainly not be stopped by state violence in the country that was birthed by revolting against the British Empire. Such a
    path toward accurately diagnosing, exposing, publicly petitioning against, peacefully protesting against, and ‘calling out’ this ‘wrong track’ and deaf to democratic action Empire as “acting like a Global Empire abroad and oppressing economic tyranny at home” is a peaceful
    message of truth that can not be legally denied to American citizens in our own country — unless the imperial ruling-elite of an extant Empire are willing to admit that this country has been ‘captured by’, is controlled by, and is the nominal Headquarters of a Disguised Global Capitalist Empire only ‘posing’ as our former democratic country — and this Empire cannot dare to be found out, publicly adjudged, and recognized as an “Occupying Empire” here in America.