Latin America’s Pink Tide: Breakthroughs and Shortcomings, edited by economic historian and prominent Latin Americanist Steve Ellner, offers a critical ethical theoretical framework for assessing the performance of left and left-of-center governments in Latin America during the Pink Tide. The “Pink Tide” refers to the wave of progressive governments beginning with the election of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela in 1998. These progressive governments provided alternatives to the neoliberal economic model that had brought growing economic and social inequality, austerity, privatization of public resources, and political subordination to Washington to most of the region during the last two decades of the twentieth century. Pink Tide governments were brought to power by widespread disillusion with traditional political parties and were buoyed by social movements that sought economic and social justice and more democratic participation in the political life of their nations.
The fact that the UK High Court cites the UK government’s recognition of Juan Guaidó as the reason for blocking access to the gold is farcical. The UK government has formally recognised Guaidó as “interim president”, but maintains full consular and diplomatic relations with Venezuela and its legitimate government. There is a Venezuelan ambassador in London and a British ambassador in Caracas. Furthermore, the Venezuelan government had pledged that proceeds from the repatriation of the gold reserves would only be used, under supervision of the UN Human Development Program, in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic in Venezuela. By continuing to illegally withhold the Venezuelan gold, the UK is endangering lives in Venezuela.
Former Spain Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero believes that there are governments that regret having recognized opposition leader Juan Guaidó as interim president of Venezuela back in early 2019. “I do not know if they will say it in public, but that reflection is there,” Zapatero said during an interview with the Argentine radio station Radio La Pizarra. His statements are based on the global disappointment that Guaidó has created, whose leadership has been overshadowed after his participation in the failed Operation Gideon, intended to assassinate Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro. The Spanish politician has stressed that, now, “silence” is imposed, which, in his opinion, is equivalent to “lowering the head” of those who made a mistake supporting Guaido, and he has referred to the recent declarations of the US President Donald Trump, about his willingness to speak to Maduro. “We have seen the statements of Trump himself who later wanted to correct the course. We will not go any further,” he added.
On October 7, users of Adobe software products in Venezuela began receiving messages saying that the company would no longer provide them with services, citing U.S. government sanctions (specifically Executive Order (E.O.) 13884). Over the next four days, Flickr, TransferWise and Oracle informed Venezuelan users that they, too, would cease services due to E.O. 13884. This could be the beginning of a broader U.S. corporate pull out of Venezuela and is more evidence that Venezuela is under embargo, as both the Maduro government and The Wall Street Journal have stated. E.O. 13884 constitutes an embargo as it prohibits transactions with the Venezuelan government. It also threatens secondary sanctions on companies that “materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, material, or technological support for, or goods or services” to the government.
February 23 may end up being a decisive day in the attempted US coup of Venezuela. US Puppet fake president, Juan Guaido, promised so-called humanitarian aid would break through the borders of Venezuela and be delivered. Guaido failed to deliver on that promise because he is not a real president and does not control Venezuela's borders. The day was one of embarrassing failure for the coup as in addition to failing to deliver aid, the coup plotters were caught in phony false flag events on the border, being violent and threatening the loss of lives. This was supposed to be a turning for the attempted coup, instead, it was a turning point for the defeat of the coup.